is a rare disorder characterized the inability to recognize faces,
including one's own in the mirror, inability to recognize previously
familiar faces, including, friends and family. The sufferers knows
that they are looking at a face but they cannot say who the face
belongs to. However, recognition of familiar people can sometimes
be preserved but it depends upon such cues as; gait, clothing,
voice etc. The main characteristics of the disorder are:
Selective inability to recognize faces, although other visual
objects may be correctly identified.
The inability to identify a familiar face of a family members
and friends. There may also be the inability to recognize their
own face in a mirror.
Accurate judgments about gender, age and emotion are still intact
and can recall detailed information about a specific individual
No indications of object agnosia.
may be able to imagine faces of familiar people.
May be able to differentiate between faces and other objects.
May not be able to match unfamiliar faces.
Some disorders have similar symptoms. The clinician, therefore,
in his diagnostic attempt, has to differentiate against the following
disorders which need to be ruled out to establish a precise diagnosis.
Agnosia of which Prosopagnosis may be a symptom is a disorder
which the person looses the ability ability to recognize objects,
people, sounds, shapes, or smells; that is, the inability to attach
appropriate meaning to objective sense-data.
Not a general
results from damage to specific brain areas in the occipital or
parietal lobes of the brain.
Treatment is generally symptomatic
and supportive. The primary cause of the disorder should be determined
in order to treat other problems that may contribute to or result
and Psychotherapy [ See